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  • Covanta Holding Corporation Reports 2011 Full Year and Fourth Quarter Results

    MORRISTOWN, NJ–(Marketwire -02/08/12)- Covanta Holding Corporation (NYSE: CVANews) (“Covanta” or the “Company”), a leading global owner and operator of Energy-from-Waste (“EfW”) projects, reported financial results today for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2011.

    Key Full Year 2011 Financial Highlights:

    • Revenue increased 4% to $ 1,650 million
    • Adjusted EBITDA increased 5% or $ 22 million to $ 492 million
    • Free Cash Flow was in line with guidance at $ 280 million
    • Adjusted EPS increased 24% or $ 0.10 to $ 0.52
    • Shareholder returns totaled $ 272 million, including quarterly dividend paying $ 0.30/share annually

    Key Full Year 2011 Operational Highlights:

    • Achieved exemplary safety record and best ever 91.7% EfW Boiler Availability
    • Durham-York EfW project construction commenced
    • Honolulu EfW project expansion on schedule to be fully operational in 2012

    Commenting on Covanta’s 2011 results, Anthony Orlando, Covanta’s President and CEO, stated, “Covanta had a very good 2011. Operational performance was outstanding and we executed on our plan to grow Adjusted EBITDA by 5 percent. I am also very pleased that we recently extended a number of municipal waste contracts to build upon our tradition of working in partnership with our client communities. These long-term relationships, coupled with our operational expertise and organic growth investments, position us to continue earnings growth in 2012 and beyond.”

     
    Full Year
    -----------------------------------------
    Continuing Operations 2010 2011 2011 Guidance
    ----------------------------------------------- ------------- --------------

    (Unaudited, $ in millions, except per
    share amounts)
    Revenue $ 1,583 $ 1,650 N/A
    Net Income from Continuing
    Operations $ 30 $ 79 N/A
    Adjusted EBITDA $ 470 $ 492 $ 485 - $ 505
    Free Cash Flow $ 318 $ 280 $ 260 - $ 290
    Adjusted EPS $ 0.42 $ 0.52 $ 0.45 - $ 0.55

    Full Year 2011 Results from Continuing Operations
    For the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, total operating revenues increased 4% to $ 1,650 million from $ 1,583 million in 2010.

    The increase is attributable to improvements in several areas across the business: price and volume increases in both recycled metals and waste; service fee escalations; and increased construction revenue. These increases were offset by lower production at certain biomass facilities that were economically dispatched off-line, lower debt service pass through revenue as project debt matures, and lower energy pricing.

    Operating expenses of $ 1,432 million were flat versus the prior year. Excluding the non-cash write-downs in 2010, operating expenses increased $ 38 million or 3%, primarily due to normal cost escalations, higher fuel related costs, lower Renewable Energy Credits and increased construction expense, partially offset by lower costs at certain biomass facilities that were economically dispatched off-line.

    Operating income increased by $ 63 million, or 41%, to $ 218 million compared with 2010. Excluding the non-cash write-downs in 2010, operating income increased by $ 29 million, or 15%, primarily as a result of higher recycled metal revenues, service fee contract escalations, higher waste volumes and operational improvements. This increase was partially offset by lower debt service pass through revenue, lower operating income at our biomass facilities and lower energy pricing.

    Adjusted EBITDA increased $ 22 million, or 5%, to $ 492 million.

    Free Cash Flow declined by $ 38 million, or 12%, to $ 280 million, which was in line with guidance. The decline was primarily due to interest payments made in 2011 for high yield notes issued in 2010 and unfavorable changes in working capital compared to 2010.

    Adjusted EPS was $ 0.52, an increase of 24% compared to $ 0.42 in 2010, with the increase attributable to improved operating income and a lower number of shares outstanding due to the Company’s common stock buyback program, offset by higher interest expense.

    Shareholder Returns and Liquidity
    In 2011, the Company sold three of the four Asia IPP assets held for sale, raising a total of $ 266 million in gross proceeds. The Company utilized cash on hand, Free Cash Flow and cash repatriated from the Asia asset divestitures to: return $ 272 million of capital to shareholders; invest $ 53 million in growth initiatives, net of project debt issued; and repay debt of $ 176 million.

    The Company repurchased $ 230 million of common stock, or 14.4 million shares (10% of outstanding shares), at a weighted average cost of $ 15.99 per share in 2011. Aggregate repurchases since June 2010 total $ 325 million, or 20.5 million shares, representing 14% of outstanding shares. In the first quarter, the Company also initiated a quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $ 0.075 per share ($ 0.30 per share annualized).

    Sanjiv Khattri, Covanta’s Chief Financial Officer, commented, “Our disciplined balance sheet management, predictable business model and consistent Free Cash Flow generation continue to provide ample liquidity and flexibility to actively return capital to shareholders and pay down debt, while simultaneously investing in our business. I am also very pleased that in 2011, not only did we achieve our target for asset sales, but we also efficiently repatriated $ 137 million of these funds to the U.S.”

    Fourth Quarter Results
    Operating revenues increased $ 11 million, or 3%, to $ 430 million, compared to the prior year period. Revenue growth was primarily due to service fee contract escalations, increased recycled metals pricing and volume, higher tip fee volume and increased construction revenue. These increases were partially offset by lower debt service pass through revenue, lower production at certain biomass facilities that were economically dispatched off-line and lower energy pricing.

    Operating expenses of $ 350 million declined 2% from $ 356 million in the prior year comparative period. The decline was primarily attributable to a shift in timing of planned scheduled maintenance activity from the fourth quarter to the second quarter of this year and lower costs associated with certain biomass facilities being economically dispatched off-line, which was partially offset by lower alternative fuel tax credits and normal cost escalations.

    Operating income increased by $ 17 million, or 27%, to $ 80 million compared with 2010 as a result of higher recycled metal revenues, service fee contract escalations, higher tip fee volume, and timing of scheduled maintenance activities offset by lower energy pricing.

    Adjusted EBITDA was $ 146 million, up $ 17 million or 13% from the prior year comparative period, largely driven by higher waste and recycled metals revenues and lower maintenance expense. These benefits were partially offset by reduced debt service pass through billings and lower energy revenue.

    Free Cash Flow was $ 65 million compared to $ 82 million in the prior year comparative period. The decline was primarily due to a semi-annual high yield interest payment and the expected working capital changes, offset by improved operating performance, as discussed above.

    Adjusted EPS was $ 0.26 or a 37% increase compared to $ 0.19 in the prior year comparative period, with the increase attributable to improved operating income and a lower number of shares outstanding due to the Company’s common stock buyback program, partially offset by a higher effective tax rate and increased interest expense.

    2012 Guidance
    The Company is establishing guidance for 2012 for the following key metrics:

     
    Continuing Operations
    --------------------------- ------------
    Full Year Full Year % Change At
    2011 Actual 2012 Guidance Midpoint
    ------------ -------------- ------------
    (Unaudited, $ in millions,
    except per share amounts)
    Adjusted EBITDA $ 492 $ 500 - $ 530 5%
    Free Cash Flow $ 280 $ 250 - $ 280 (5)%
    Adjusted EPS $ 0.52 $ 0.55 - $ 0.65 15%

    Commenting on Covanta’s 2012 outlook, Anthony Orlando continued, “Our team continues to execute on our operational and organic growth initiatives. This positions us nicely to deliver earnings growth again this year, even in the face of challenging energy markets. Furthermore, we continue to successfully extend our long-term municipal client partnerships to support continued growth for years to come.”

    Conference Call Information
    Covanta will host a conference call at 8:30 am (Eastern) on Thursday, February 9, 2012 to discuss its fourth quarter results. The conference call will begin with prepared remarks, which will be followed by a question and answer session. To participate, please dial 877-806-3982 approximately 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start of the call. If calling from outside of the United States, please dial 702-928-7062. Please utilize conference ID number 44475437 when prompted by the conference call operator. The conference call will also be webcast live from the Investor Information section of the Company’s website. A presentation will be made available during the call and will be found on the Investor Relations section of the Covanta website at www.covantaenergy.com.

    A replay of the conference call will be available from 11:30 am (Eastern) on Thursday, February 9, 2012. To access the replay, please dial 855-859-2056 or 800-585-8367, or from outside of the United States 404-537-3406 and use the replay conference ID number 44475437. The webcast will also be archived on www.covantaenergy.com.

    10-K Filing Update
    The Company expects its 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K to be filed the week of February 13, 2012.

    About Covanta
    Covanta Energy is an internationally recognized owner and operator of large-scale Energy-from-Waste and renewable energy projects and a recipient of the Energy Innovator Award from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Covanta’s 46 Energy-from-Waste facilities provide communities with an environmentally sound solution to their solid waste disposal needs by using that municipal solid waste to generate clean, renewable energy. Annually, Covanta’s modern Energy-from-Waste facilities safely and securely convert approximately 20 million tons of waste into 9 million megawatt hours of clean renewable electricity and create more than 9 billion pounds of steam that are sold to a variety of industries. For more information, visit www.covantaenergy.com.

    Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
    Certain statements in this press release may constitute “forward-looking” statements as defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”), Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “PSLRA”) or in releases made by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), all as may be amended from time to time. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause the actual results, performance or achievements of Covanta and its subsidiaries, or general industry or broader economic performance in global markets in which Covanta operates or competes, to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Statements that are not historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements can be identified by, among other things, the use of forward-looking language, such as the words “plan,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “project,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “seeks,” or “scheduled to,” or other similar words, or the negative of these terms or other variations of these terms or comparable language, or by discussion of strategy or intentions. These cautionary statements are being made pursuant to the Securities Act, the Exchange Act and the PSLRA with the intention of obtaining the benefits of the “safe harbor” provisions of such laws. Covanta cautions investors that any forward-looking statements made by Covanta are not guarantees or indicative of future performance. Important assumptions and other important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those forward-looking statements with respect to Covanta, include, but are not limited to, the risk that Covanta may not successfully grow its business as expected or close its announced or planned acquisitions or projects in development, and those factors, risks and uncertainties that are described in periodic securities filings by Covanta with the SEC. Although Covanta believes that its plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by such forward-looking statements are reasonable, actual results could differ materially from a projection or assumption in any forward-looking statements. Covanta’s future financial condition and results of operations, as well as any forward-looking statements, are subject to change and to inherent risks and uncertainties. The forward-looking statements contained in this press release are made only as of the date hereof and Covanta does not have or undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or otherwise, unless otherwise required by law.

     
    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 1
    Consolidated Statements of Income

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 31,
    -------------- --------------
    2011 2010 2011 2010
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    (Unaudited)
    (In millions, except per share
    amounts)
    Operating revenues
    Waste and service revenues $ 282 $ 270 $ 1,082 $ 1,036
    Electricity and steam sales 99 104 400 420
    Other operating revenues 49 45 168 127
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total operating revenues 430 419 1,650 1,583
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Operating expenses
    Plant operating expenses 222 228 962 943
    Other operating expenses 41 43 143 120
    General and administrative expenses 29 27 103 103
    Depreciation and amortization expense 51 48 193 190
    Net interest expense on project debt 7 8 31 38
    Write-down of assets (A) - 2 - 34
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total operating expenses 350 356 1,432 1,428
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Operating income 80 63 218 155
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Other income (expense)
    Investment income - - 1 1
    Interest expense (17) (13) (67) (45)
    Non-cash convertible debt related expense (5) (9) (25) (39)
    Loss on extinguishment of debt (B) - (15) (1) (15)
    Other expenses, net (6) - (19) -
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total other expenses (28) (37) (111) (98)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Income from continuing operations before
    income tax expense and equity in net income
    from unconsolidated investments 52 26 107 57
    Income tax expense (25) (6) (28) (24)
    Equity in net income from unconsolidated
    investments 2 1 5 2
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Income from continuing operations 29 21 84 35
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Income from discontinued operations, net of
    income tax expense of $ 0, $ 3, $ 3 and $ 8,
    respectively (C) (1) 4 143 36
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net Income 28 25 227 71
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Noncontrolling interests:
    Less: Net income from continuing operations
    attributable to noncontrolling interests in
    subsidiaries (2) (1) (5) (5)
    Less: Net income from discontinued
    operations attributable to noncontrolling
    interests in subsidiaries (C) - (1) (3) (4)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total net income attributable to
    noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries (2) (2) (8) (9)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net Income Attributable to Covanta Holding
    Corporation $ 26 $ 23 $ 219 $ 62
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    Amounts Attributable to Covanta Holding
    Corporation stockholders':
    Continuing operations $ 27 $ 20 $ 79 $ 30
    Discontinued operations (C) (1) 3 140 32
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net Income Attributable to Covanta Holding
    Corporation $ 26 $ 23 $ 219 $ 62
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    Earnings Per Share Attributable to Covanta
    Holding Corporation stockholders':
    Basic
    Continuing operations $ 0.20 $ 0.13 $ 0.56 $ 0.19
    Discontinued operations (C) (0.01) 0.02 0.99 0.21
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Covanta Holding Corporation $ 0.19 $ 0.15 $ 1.55 $ 0.40
    ====== ====== ====== ======
    Weighted Average Shares 136 151 141 153
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    Diluted
    Continuing operations $ 0.20 $ 0.13 $ 0.56 $ 0.19
    Discontinued operations (C) (0.01) 0.02 0.98 0.21
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Covanta Holding Corporation $ 0.19 $ 0.15 $ 1.54 $ 0.40
    ====== ====== ====== ======
    Weighted Average Shares 137 152 142 154
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    Cash Dividend Declared Per Share: $ 0.075 $ - $ 0.30 $ 1.50
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    Supplemental Information - Non-GAAP
    --------------------------------------------

    Adjusted EPS (D) $ 0.26 $ 0.19 $ 0.52 $ 0.42

    (A) In 2010, we recorded a non-cash write-down of assets related to a note
    receivable from our Harrisburg EfW facility, the write-down of assets
    related to the Dublin project, and the write-down to fair value of
    corporate real estate and certain other assets.

    (B) As a result of the purchase of outstanding Debentures, we recorded a
    loss on extinguishment of debt which is comprised of the difference
    between the fair value and carrying value of the liability component of
    the Debentures tendered, the write-off of deferred financing costs and
    fees incurred in conjunction with the tender offer.

    (C) During the first quarter of 2011, we completed the sale of our majority
    equity interests in a 106 MW (gross) heavy fuel-oil fired electric power
    generation facility in Tamil Nadu, India ("Samalpatti") and we completed
    the sale of our interests in a 510 MW (gross) coal-fired electric power
    generation facility in the Philippines ("Quezon"). The Quezon assets sold
    consisted of our entire interest in Covanta Philippines Operating, Inc.,
    which provided operation and maintenance services to the facility, as well
    as our 26% ownership interest in the project company, Quezon Power, Inc.
    In October 2011, we completed the sale of our interests in a 106 MW
    (gross) heavy fuel-oil fired electric power generation facility in Tamil
    Nadu, India ("Madurai"). The Madurai assets sold included our entire
    interest in Covanta Madurai Operating Private Limited, which provided
    operation and maintenance services to the facility, as well as our
    approximately 77% ownership interest in the project company, Madurai Power
    Corporation Private Ltd. We received a combined total of cash proceeds of
    approximately $ 255 million, net of transaction costs. During the three and
    twelve months ended December 31, 2011, we recorded a net after-tax (loss)
    gain on assets held for sale of $ (1) million and $ 119 million,
    respectively.

    (D) For additional information, see Exhibit 4 of this Press Release.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 2
    Consolidated Balance Sheets

     

    As of December
    31,
    ---------------
    2011 2010
    ------- -------
    (Unaudited)
    (In millions,
    except per
    share amounts)
    ASSETS
    Current:
    Cash and cash equivalents $ 232 $ 126
    Restricted funds held in trust 101 126
    Receivables (less allowances of $ 5 and $ 3, respectively) 260 272
    Unbilled service receivables 20 23
    Deferred income taxes 28 27
    Prepaid expenses and other current assets 105 110
    Assets held for sale (A) 18 191
    ------- -------
    Total Current Assets 764 875
    Property, plant and equipment, net 2,423 2,478
    Investments in fixed maturities at market (cost: $ 31 and
    $ 29, respectively) 31 29
    Restricted funds held in trust 90 107
    Unbilled service receivables 25 32
    Waste, service and energy contracts, net 434 472
    Other intangible assets, net 78 79
    Goodwill 232 230
    Investments in investees and joint ventures 43 46
    Other assets 265 328
    ------- -------
    Total Assets $ 4,385 $ 4,676
    ======= =======

    LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
    Current:
    Current portion of long-term debt $ 32 $ 7
    Current portion of project debt 147 141
    Accounts payable 25 23
    Deferred revenue 61 72
    Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 211 186
    Liabilities held for sale (A) 3 34
    ------- -------
    Total Current Liabilities 479 463
    Long-term debt 1,454 1,558
    Project debt 533 662
    Deferred income taxes 633 605
    Waste and service contracts 76 89
    Other liabilities 122 140
    ------- -------
    Total Liabilities 3,297 3,517
    ------- -------

    Equity:
    Covanta Holding Corporation stockholders' equity:
    Preferred stock ($ 0.10 par value; authorized 10 shares;
    none issued and outstanding) - -
    Common stock ($ 0.10 par value; authorized 250 shares;
    issued 158 and 157 shares; outstanding 136 and 150
    shares) 16 16
    Additional paid-in capital 824 893
    Accumulated other comprehensive income 1 5
    Accumulated earnings 244 213
    Treasury stock, at par (2) (1)
    ------- -------
    Total Covanta Holding Corporation stockholders' equity 1,083 1,126
    Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries 5 33
    ------- -------
    Total Equity 1,088 1,159
    ------- -------
    Total Liabilities and Equity $ 4,385 $ 4,676
    ======= =======

    (A) For additional information, see Exhibit 1 - Note C of this Press
    Release.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 3
    Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow

    Twelve Months
    Ended
    December 31,
    ----------------
    2011 2010
    ------- -------
    (Unaudited, in
    millions)
    OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
    Net income $ 227 $ 71
    Less: Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
    expense 143 36
    ------- -------
    Income from continuing operations 84 35

    Adjustments to reconcile net income from continuing
    operations to net cash provided by operating activities
    from continuing operations:
    Depreciation and amortization expense 193 190
    Write-down of assets - 34
    Loss on extinguishment of debt 1 15
    Non-cash convertible debt related expense 25 39
    Stock-based compensation expense 18 17
    Deferred income taxes 30 20
    Other, net 4 10
    Change in restricted funds held in trust 4 11
    Reversal of uncertain tax positions related to pre-
    emergence tax matters (24) -
    Contractual liability to pre-petition creditors 15 -
    Change in restricted funds-other related to contractual
    liability to pre-petition creditors 5 -
    Change in working capital, net of effects of
    acquisitions 5 21
    ------- -------
    Net cash provided by operating activities from
    continuing operations 360 392
    Net cash provided by operating activities from
    discontinued operations 1 39
    ------- -------
    Net cash provided by operating activities 361 431
    ------- -------
    INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
    Proceeds from asset sales 12 12
    Purchase of property, plant and equipment (118) (115)
    Acquisition of noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries - (2)
    Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired (10) (130)
    Acquisition of land use rights (8) (19)
    Other, net (12) (21)
    ------- -------
    Net cash used in investing activities from continuing
    operations (136) (275)
    Net cash provided by investing activities from
    discontinued operations 243 -
    ------- -------
    Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 107 (275)
    ------- -------
    FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
    Proceeds from borrowings on long-term debt - 400
    Payment of deferred financing costs - (10)
    Principal payments on long-term debt (39) (320)
    Principal payments on project debt (137) (202)
    Payments of borrowings on revolving credit facility - (79)
    Proceeds from borrowings on project debt 15 39
    Proceeds from borrowings on revolving credit facility - 79
    Change in restricted funds held in trust 38 3
    Cash dividends paid to stockholders (32) (233)
    Common stock repurchased (229) (95)
    Financings of insurance premiums, net 10 (10)
    Payments to pre-petition creditors (12) -
    Decrease in restricted funds for pre-petition creditors 12 -
    Other financing, net (7) 19
    ------- -------
    Net cash used in financing activities from continuing
    operations (381) (409)
    Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities from
    discontinued operations 8 (40)
    ------- -------
    Net cash used in financing activities (373) (449)
    ------- -------
    Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash
    equivalents (1) (1)
    ------- -------
    Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 94 (294)

    Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 140 434
    ------- -------
    Cash and cash equivalents at end of period 234 140
    Less: Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations
    at end of period 2 14
    ------- -------
    Cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations at end
    of period $ 232 $ 126
    ======= =======

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 4
    Reconciliation of Diluted Income Per Share to Adjusted EPS

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 31, Full Year
    ----------------- -----------------
    2011 2010 2011 2010 Estimated 2012
    -------- -------- ------- -------- --------------
    (Unaudited)
    Continuing Operations -
    Diluted Earnings Per
    Share $ 0.20 $ 0.13 $ 0.56 $ 0.19 $ 0.55 - $ 0.65
    Reconciling Items (A) 0.06 0.06 (0.04) 0.23 -
    -------- -------- ------- -------- --------------
    Adjusted EPS $ 0.26 $ 0.19 $ 0.52 $ 0.42 $ 0.55 - $ 0.65
    ======== ======== ======= ======== ==============

    (A) For details related to the Reconciling Items, see Exhibit 4A of this
    Press Release.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 4A
    Reconciling Items

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 31,
    -------------- --------------
    2011 2010 2011 2010
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    (Unaudited)
    (In millions, except per share
    amounts)
    Reconciling Items
    Loss on extinguishment of debt (A) $ - $ 15 $ 1 $ 15
    Effect on income of derivative instruments
    not designated as hedging instruments (2) - (2) (1)
    Effect of foreign exchange loss on
    indebtedness (B) 6 - 4 -
    Gain on sales of businesses (C) (8) - (9) -
    Development costs 5 - 5 -
    Contractual liability to pre-petition
    creditors (D) - - 15 -
    Non-cash write-down of loan issued for the
    Harrisburg EfW facility to fund certain
    facility improvements (E) - - - 7
    Non-cash write-down of capitalized costs
    related to the Dublin development project
    (E) - - - 23
    Non-cash write-down of corporate real estate
    (E) - 1 - 3
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total Reconciling Items, pre-tax 1 16 14 47
    Pro forma income tax impact (F) 7 (2) 3 (9)
    Grantor trust activity - (4) 1 (2)
    Reversal of uncertain tax positions related
    to pre-emergence tax matters (D) - - (24) -
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total Reconciling Items, net of tax $ 8 $ 10 $ (6) $ 36
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    Diluted Earnings Per Share Impact $ 0.06 $ 0.06 (0.04) $ 0.23
    ====== ====== ====== ======
    Weighted Average Diluted Shares Outstanding 137 152 142 154
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    (A) As a result of the purchase of outstanding Debentures, we recorded a
    loss on extinguishment of debt which is comprised of the difference
    between the fair value and carrying value of the liability component of
    the Debentures tendered, the write-off of deferred financing costs and
    fees incurred in conjunction with the tender offer.

    (B) During the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2011, we recorded
    foreign exchange losses related to intercompany loans of approximately $ 6
    million and $ 4 million, respectively.

    (C) In 2011, we recorded a $ 9 million gain related to the sale of two
    landfill gas projects. We received cash proceeds of approximately $ 12
    million.

    (D) For the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, the income tax provision
    includes a $ 24 million benefit due to the reversal of uncertain tax
    positions, following the expiration of applicable statutes of limitations
    related to pre-emergence tax matters in the Covanta Energy bankruptcy.
    Since March 2004, we have held $ 20 million in restricted funds intended to
    cover those uncertain tax positions. The restricted funds were included in
    other assets on our consolidated balance sheet. The expiration of the
    statutes of limitations triggered a liability to pre-petition claimants of
    approximately 73% of the restricted fund balance. Therefore, we recorded
    approximately $ 15 million as other expense during the year ended December
    31, 2011. As of December 31, 2011, $ 12 million was paid to pre-petition
    claimants and $ 3 million of the non-current restricted funds was
    reclassified to other current assets on our consolidated balance sheet and
    is expected to be paid to third party claimants in the first half of 2012.
    The remaining $ 5 million was reclassified to cash and cash equivalents on
    our consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2011.

    (E) In 2010, we recorded a non-cash write-down of assets related to a note
    receivable from our Harrisburg EfW facility, the write-down of assets
    related to the Dublin project, and the write-down to fair value of
    corporate real estate and certain other assets.

    (F) There is minimal tax benefit from the contractual liability to pre-
    petition creditors and the non-cash write-down related to the Dublin
    assets. As a result, these items had an impact on the effective tax rate
    in the third quarter of 2010 and fourth quarter of 2011. Accordingly, we
    are presenting this pro forma calculation of the income tax effect on all
    reconciling items for each period to illustrate the pro forma impact on
    income tax expense and net income. The pro forma income tax impact
    represents the tax provision amount related to the overall tax provision
    calculated without the reconciling items when compared to the tax
    provision reported under GAAP in the consolidated statement of income.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 4B
    Effective Tax Rate

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 30, Full Year
    ---------------- ----------------
    Estimated
    2011 2010 2011 2010 2012
    ------- ------- ------- ------- -------------
    (Unaudited)
    Effective Tax Rate (A) 48.7% 21.1% 26.8% 41.3% 40% - 45%

    (A) Our full year effective tax rate ("ETR") increased during the fourth
    quarter of 2011. The primary cause for this increase resulted from the
    reversal in the third quarter of uncertain tax positions related to pre-
    emergence tax matters. GAAP required the tax benefit from the reversal of
    the tax reserve to be recognized in full during third quarter while the ETR
    including the related non-deductible pre-tax expense is calculated on a full
    year basis. This resulted in a decrease of the ETR in the third quarter of
    2011 followed by a large increase to the ETR for the fourth quarter of 2011.
    The ETR for the fourth quarter is in line with expectations. The full year
    ETR decreased for 2011 primarily due to the reversal of uncertain tax
    positions related to pre-emergence tax matters.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 5
    Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 31, Full Year
    ------------- -------------
    Estimated
    2011 2010 2011 2010 2012
    ------ ------ ------ ------ -----------
    (Unaudited, in millions)

    Net Income from Continuing
    Operations Attributable to Covanta
    Holding Corporation $ 27 $ 20 $ 79 $ 30 $ 75 - $ 90

    Depreciation and amortization
    expense 51 48 193 190 196 - 190

    Debt service:
    Net interest expense on project
    debt 7 8 31 38
    Interest expense 17 13 67 45
    Non-cash convertible debt related
    expense 5 9 25 39
    Investment income - - (1) (1)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Subtotal debt service 29 30 122 121 148 - 138

    Income tax expense (adjusted for
    reversal of uncertain tax positions
    related to pre-emergence tax
    matters) (A) 25 6 52 24 45 - 65

    Reversal of uncertain tax positions
    related to pre-emergence tax
    matters (A) - - (24) -

    Contractual liability to pre-
    petition creditors (A) - - 15 -

    Write-down of assets (B) - 2 - 34

    Development costs 5 - 5 -

    Loss on extinguishment of debt (C) - 15 1 15

    Gain on sale of business (D) (8) - (9) -

    Net income attributable to
    noncontrolling interests in
    subsidiaries 2 1 5 5 3 - 8

    Other adjustments:
    Debt service billings in excess of
    revenue recognized (E) 1 5 22 29
    Non-cash compensation expense 5 4 18 17
    Other non-cash items (F) 9 (2) 13 5
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Subtotal other adjustments 15 7 53 51 33 - 39

    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total adjustments 119 109 413 440

    ------ ------ ------ ------ -----------
    Adjusted EBITDA - Continuing
    Operations $ 146 $ 129 $ 492 $ 470 $ 500 - $ 530
    ====== ====== ====== ====== ===========

    (A) See Exhibit 4A - Note D of this Press Release.

    (B) See Exhibit 4A - Note E of this Press Release.

    (C) See Exhibit 4A - Note A of this Press Release.

    (D) See Exhibit 4A - Note C of this Press Release.

    (E) Formally labeled "Decrease in Unbilled Service Receivables". This amount
    represents a true-up between (a) revenue recognized in the period for
    client payments of project debt principal under service fee contract
    structures, which is accounted for on a straight-line basis over the term
    of the project debt, and (b) actual billings to clients for debt principal
    payments in the period. As a result of this adjustment, Adjusted EBITDA
    reflects the actual amounts billed to clients for debt service principal,
    not the straight-lined revenue as recognized.

    (F) Includes certain non-cash items that are added back under the definition
    of Adjusted EBITDA in Covanta Energy Corporation's credit agreement.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 6
    Reconciliation of Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities to Free Cash
    Flow

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 31, Full Year
    -------------- --------------
    Estimated
    2011 2010 2011 2010 2012
    ------ ------ ------ ------ -----------
    (Unaudited, in millions)

    Cash flow provided by operating
    activities from continuing
    operations $ 84 $ 99 $ 360 $ 392 $ 330 - $ 370
    Less: Maintenance capital
    expenditures (A) (19) (17) (80) (74) (80) - (90)
    ------ ------ ------ ------ -----------
    Continuing Operations Free Cash
    Flow $ 65 $ 82 $ 280 $ 318 $ 250 - $ 280
    ====== ====== ====== ====== ===========

    Weighted Average Diluted Shares
    Outstanding 137 152 142 154

    Uses of Continuing Operations
    Free Cash Flow
    -------------------------------
    Investments:
    Acquisition of businesses,
    net of cash acquired $ - $ (2) $ (10) $ (130)
    Non-maintenance capital
    expenditures (8) (15) (38) (41)
    Acquisition of land use
    rights - - (8) (19)
    Acquisition of noncontrolling
    interests in subsidiaries - - - (2)
    Other investing activities,
    net (B) (6) (7) (12) (21)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total investments $ (14) $ (24) $ (68) $ (213)
    ------ ------ ------ ------

    Return of capital to
    stockholders:
    Cash dividends paid to
    stockholders $ (10) $ - $ (32) $ (233)
    Common stock repurchased (26) (58) (229) (95)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total return of capital to
    stockholders $ (36) $ (58) $ (261) $ (328)
    ------ ------ ------ ------

    Capital raising activities:
    Net proceeds from issuance of
    corporate debt (C) $ - $ 390 $ - $ 390
    Net proceeds from issuance of
    project debt (D) - 5 15 10
    Net proceeds from asset sales 12 12 12 12
    Other financing activities,
    net 2 11 (1) 27
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net proceeds from capital
    raising activities $ 14 $ 418 $ 26 $ 439
    ------ ------ ------ ------

    Debt repayments:
    Net cash used for scheduled
    principal payments on
    project debt (E) $ (23) $ (27) $ (99) $ (170)
    Net cash used for scheduled
    principal payments on long-
    term debt (2) (2) (7) (7)
    Optional repayment of
    corporate debt - (313) (32) (313)
    Fees incurred for debt
    redemption - (2) - (2)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total debt repayments $ (25) $ (344) $ (138) $ (492)
    ------ ------ ------ ------

    Short-term borrowing activities
    - Financing of insurance
    premiums, net $ 10 $ - $ 10 $ (10)

    Distributions to partners of
    noncontrolling interests in
    subsidiaries $ (1) $ (2) $ (6) $ (6)

    Effect of exchange rate changes
    on cash and cash equivalents $ 3 $ - $ 1 $ -

    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net change in cash and cash
    equivalents from continuing
    operations $ 16 $ 72 $ (156) $ (292)
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    (A) Purchases of property, plant and equipment is also referred to as
    capital expenditures. Capital expenditures that primarily maintain
    existing facilities are classified as maintenance capital expenditures.
    The following table provides the components of total purchases of
    property, plant and equipment:

    Maintenance capital
    expenditures $ (19) $ (17) $ (80) $ (74)
    Capital expenditures
    associated with construction (1) (7) (16) (21)
    Capital expenditures
    associated with technology
    development (3) (1) (6) (6)
    Capital expenditures
    associated with organic
    growth initiatives (1) - (4) -
    Capital expenditures - other (3) (7) (12) (14)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Total purchases of property,
    plant and equipment $ (27) $ (32) $ (118) $ (115)
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    (B) Other investing activities is primarily comprised of net payments from
    the purchase/sale of investment securities and business development
    expenses.

    (C) Excludes borrowings under Revolving Credit Facility. Calculated as
    follows:

    Proceeds from borrowings on
    long-term debt $ - $ 400 $ - $ 400
    Less: Financing costs related
    to issuance of long-term debt - (10) - (10)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net proceeds from issuance of
    corporate debt $ - $ 390 $ - $ 390
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    (D) Excludes borrowings under project working capital facilities.
    Calculated as follows:

    Proceeds from issuance of
    project debt $ - $ 34 $ 15 $ 39
    Less: Proceeds used to repay
    project debt (refinancing) - (29) - (29)
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net proceeds from issuance of
    project debt $ - $ 5 $ 15 $ 10
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    (E) Calculated as follows:

    Total principal payments on
    project debt $ (54) $ (100) $ (137) $ (202)
    Decrease in related restricted
    funds held in trust 31 44 38 3
    Less: Repayments from cash
    prior to scheduled
    amortization, final maturity
    or investor put - 29 - 29
    ------ ------ ------ ------
    Net cash used for principal
    payments on project debt $ (23) $ (27) $ (99) $ (170)
    ====== ====== ====== ======

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 7
    Capitalization Information

    As of December 31,
    -------------------
    2011 2010
    --------- ---------
    (Unaudited, in
    Cash and Cash Equivalents: millions)
    Domestic $ 49 $ 68
    International 174 52
    Insurance Subsidiary 9 6
    --------- ---------
    Total Cash and Cash Equivalents $ 232 $ 126
    ========= =========

    Restricted Funds Held in Trust: (A)
    Debt Service - Principal $ 113 $ 157
    Debt Service - Interest 8 6
    --------- ---------
    Debt Service Funds - Total 121 163
    Revenue Funds 16 18
    Other Funds 54 52
    --------- ---------
    Total Restricted Funds Held in Trust $ 191 $ 233
    ========= =========

    (A) Restricted funds held in trust are primarily amounts received by third
    party trustees relating to certain projects we own which may be used only
    for specified purposes. We generally do not control these accounts. They
    primarily include debt service reserves for payment of principal and
    interest on project debt. Revenue funds are comprised of deposits of
    revenues received with respect to projects prior to their disbursement.
    Other funds are primarily amounts held in trust for operations,
    maintenance, environmental obligations and operating lease reserves in
    accordance with agreements with our clients.

    Exhibit 7A

    As of December 31, As of December 31,
    2011 2010
    --------------------- ---------------------
    Face Value Book Value Face Value Book Value
    ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
    Corporate Debt: (Unaudited, in millions)

    Revolving Credit Facility $ - $ - $ - $ -
    Term Loan Facility 619 619 626 626
    7.25% Senior Notes due 2020 400 400 400 400
    3.25% Cash Convertible Senior
    Notes due 2014 460 442 460 485
    1.00% Senior Convertible
    Debentures due 2027 25 25 57 54
    ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
    Total corporate debt (including
    current portion) $ 1,504 $ 1,486 $ 1,543 $ 1,565
    ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------

    Project Debt:
    Domestic project debt - service
    fee facilities $ 291 $ 295 $ 395 $ 402
    Domestic project debt - tip fee
    facilities 355 359 386 391
    International project debt 26 26 10 10
    ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
    Total project debt (including
    current portion) $ 672 $ 680 $ 791 $ 803
    ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------

    ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
    Total Debt Outstanding $ 2,176 $ 2,166 $ 2,334 $ 2,368
    ========== ========== ========== ==========

    ---------- ----------
    Net Debt (A) $ 1,831 $ 2,051
    ========== ==========

    ---------- ----------
    Availability for Borrowings
    under the Revolving Credit
    Facility $ 300 $ 300
    ========== ==========

    (A) Net Debt is calculated as total principal amount of debt outstanding
    less cash and cash equivalents and debt service principal restricted funds.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 8
    Return to Stockholders
    (Unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts and percentages)

    During years ended December 31, 2010 and 2011, the following amounts were
    returned to stockholders:

    Weighted % of Common
    Average Stock
    Shares Cost Per Outstanding
    Amount Repurchased Share Repurchased
    ------ ----------- -------- ------------
    Common Stock Repurchased (A)
    Q3 2010 $ 37 2.5 $ 14.69 1.6 %
    Q4 2010 58 3.6 $ 16.16 2.4 %
    ------ -----------
    FY 2010 sub-total: $ 95 6.1 $ 15.56 4.0 %
    ------ -----------
    Q1 2011 54 3.2 $ 16.84 2.1 %
    Q2 2011 70 4.2 $ 16.58 2.9 %
    Q3 2011 81 5.2 $ 15.58 3.6 %
    Q4 2011 (B) 25 1.8 $ 14.22 1.3 %
    ------ -----------
    FY 2011 sub-total: $ 230 14.4 $ 15.99 9.9 %
    ------ -----------
    Total Common Stock Repurchased $ 325 20.5 $ 15.86 13.9 %
    ------ -----------

    Cash Dividends Declared to
    Stockholders (C)
    FY 2010 $ 233
    ------
    Q1 2011 11
    Q2 2011 11
    Q3 2011 10
    Q4 2011 10
    ------
    FY 2011 sub-total: $ 42
    ------
    Total Cash Dividends Declared to
    Stockholders $ 275
    ------

    ------
    Total Return to Stockholders $ 600
    ======

    (A) On June 17, 2010, the Board of Directors increased the authorization to
    repurchase shares of outstanding common stock to $ 150 million. On March
    14, May 6, and September 22, 2011, the Board of Directors approved an
    additional $ 50 million, $ 100 million and $ 100 million, respectively, of
    share repurchase authorization, bringing the total authorized amount to
    $ 400 million. As of December 31, 2011, the amount remaining under our
    currently authorized share repurchase program was $ 75 million.

    (B) Approximately $ 1 million of common stock repurchased during the three
    months ended December 31, 2011 was paid in January 2012.

    (C) On June 17, 2010, the Board of Directors declared a special cash
    dividend of $ 1.50 per share (approximately $ 233 million in aggregate)
    which was paid on July 20, 2010. On March 14, 2011, the Board of Directors
    approved a quarterly regular cash dividend of $ 0.075 per share. The Q1
    2011 payment was made on April 12, 2011 to stockholders of record as of
    the close of business on March 30, 2011. The Q2 2011 payment was made on
    July 6, 2011 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on June
    22, 2011. The Q3 2011 payment was made on October 14, 2011 to stockholders
    of record as of the close of business on October 3, 2011. The Q4 2011
    payment was made on January 5, 2012 to stockholders of record as of the
    close of business on December 21, 2011.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 9
    Consolidated Reconciliation of Cash Flow Provided by Operating
    Activities to Adjusted EBITDA

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 31, Full Year
    -------------- --------------
    Estimated
    2011 2010 2011 2010 2012
    ------ ------ ------ ------ -----------
    (Unaudited, in millions)
    Cash flow provided by operating
    activities from continuing
    operations $ 84 $ 99 $ 360 $ 392 $ 330 - $ 370

    Debt service 29 30 122 121 148 - 138

    Change in working capital 72 32 (5) (21)
    Change in restricted funds held
    in trust (39) (32) (4) (11)
    Non-cash convertible debt
    related expense (5) (9) (25) (39)
    Equity in net income from
    unconsolidated investments 2 1 5 2
    Dividends from unconsolidated
    investments (3) (1) (8) (5)
    Current tax provision 18 7 (2) 4
    Reversal of uncertain tax
    positions related to pre-
    emergence tax matters (A) - - 24 -
    Contractual liability to pre-
    petition creditors (A) (15) - (15) -
    Change in restricted funds-other
    related to contractual
    liability to pre-petition
    creditors (A) - - (5) -
    Other 3 2 45 27
    ------ ------ ------ ------ -----------
    Sub-total 33 - 10 (43) 22
    ------ ------ ------ ------ -----------

    Adjusted EBITDA - Continuing
    Operations $ 146 $ 129 $ 492 $ 470 $ 500 - $ 530
    ====== ====== ====== ====== ===========

    (A) See Exhibit 4A - Note D of this Press Release.

    Covanta Holding Corporation Exhibit 10
    Plant Operating Expenses Detail - Americas

     

    The Americas segment quarterly plant operating expenses typically differs
    substantially as a result of the timing of scheduled plant maintenance. We
    typically conduct scheduled maintenance periodically each year, which
    requires that individual boiler units temporarily cease operations. During
    these scheduled maintenance periods, we incur material repair and
    maintenance expenses and receive less revenue until the boiler and/or
    turbine units resume operations. This scheduled maintenance typically
    occurs during periods of off-peak electric demand and/or lower waste
    volumes, which are our first, second and fourth fiscal quarters. The first
    half of the year scheduled maintenance period is typically the most
    extensive. The third quarter scheduled maintenance period is typically the
    least extensive. Given these factors, we typically experience our lowest
    operating income from our projects during the first half of each year. The
    aggregate of all other components of plant operating expense is relatively
    consistent each quarter of the year.

    Three Months Twelve Months
    Ended Ended
    December 31, December 31,
    ----------------- -----------------
    2011 2010 2011 2010
    -------- -------- -------- --------
    (Unaudited, in
    millions)
    Plant Operating Expenses:
    Plant maintenance (A) $ 44 $ 56 $ 231 $ 232
    All other 171 166 703 685
    -------- -------- -------- --------
    Plant operating expenses $ 215 $ 222 $ 934 $ 917
    ======== ======== ======== ========

    (A) Plant maintenance costs include our internal maintenance team and non-
    facility employee costs for facility scheduled and unscheduled maintenance
    and repair expenses.

    Exhibit
    Covanta Holding Corporation - Americas Segment 11A
    Statistics - (Unaudited, in millions, except percentages)

    Boiler Availability Twelve Months
    Ended
    December 31,
    ------------------
    2011 2010
    -------- --------
    EfW Facilities 91.7% 91.2%

    Waste and Service Revenue Twelve Months Ended
    December 31,
    -------------------
    2011 2010
    --------- ---------
    Waste and service revenue unrelated to project debt $ 953 $ 902
    Revenue earned explicitly to service project debt -
    principal 42 60
    Revenue earned explicitly to service project debt -
    interest 11 18
    Recycled metals revenue 74 55
    --------- ---------
    Total $ 1,080 $ 1,035
    ========= =========

    Energy Revenue and Megawatt hours (MWhs) At Market and Contracted by
    Facility Type

    Twelve Months Ended December 31,
    -------------------------------------------------------
    2011 2010
    --------------------------- ---------------------------
    % of % of
    Revenue Volume Total Revenue Volume Total
    (A) (A), (B) Volume (A) (A), (B) Volume
    -------- -------- --------- -------- -------- ---------
    EfW
    At Market $ 79 1.3 23% $ 102 1.6 28%
    Contracted &
    Hedged 227 3.4 61% 211 3.1 54%

    Biomass
    At Market 12 0.2 4% 10 0.2 4%
    Contracted 58 0.6 11% 75 0.8 14%
    -------- -------- --------- -------- -------- ---------
    Total (B) $ 376 5.5 100% $ 398 5.7 100%
    ======== ======== ========= ======== ======== =========

    (A) Covanta share only
    (B) Steam converted to MWhs
    (C) Percentages may not sum to total due to rounding

    Projected Energy Megawatt hours (MWhs) At Market and Contracted by Facility
    Type (A)

    Full Year 2012E
    As of January 1,
    2012
    --------------------
    EfW
    At Market 1.6
    Contracted & Hedged 3.3

    Biomass
    At Market 0.3
    Contracted 0.5
    Economically Dispatched (Available to run) 0.4
    --------------------

    Total 6.1
    ====================

    (A) Covanta share only

    Covanta Holding Corporation - Americas Segment Exhibit 11B
    Statistics - (Unaudited, in millions, except percentages and
    pricing data in Economic Drivers Section)

    Recycled Metal Net Revenue by Type (A)

    Twelve Months Ended
    December 31,
    -------------------
    2011 2010
    --------- ---------
    Ferrous Metal $ 60 $ 43
    Non-Ferrous Metal 14 12
    --------- ---------
    Total $ 74 $ 55
    ========= =========

    (A) Covanta share only

    Recycled Metal Gross Tons Recovered by Type (A)

    Twelve Months Ended
    December 31,
    -------------------
    2011 2010
    --------- ---------
    Ferrous Metal 0.414 0.400
    Non-Ferrous Metal 0.016 0.014
    --------- ---------
    Total 0.430 0.414
    ========= =========

    (A) Gross volume: Both Covanta and client share

    Published U.S. Economic Drivers(A)

    As of December 31,
    ------------------
    2011 2010
    -------- --------
    Consumer Price Index (B) 3.0% 1.5%
    PJM Pricing (Electricity)(C) $ 48.31 $ 50.85
    Henry Hub Pricing (Natural Gas) (D) $ 4.04 $ 4.38
    #1 HMS Pricing (Ferrous Metals) (E) $ 386.67 $ 373.67

    (A) While these drivers impact our business, there is not an exact
    correlation between our results and changes in these metrics.
    (B) Represents the year-over-year percent change in the Headline CPI
    number. The Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) data is provided by the U.S.
    Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics.
    (C) Average price per MWh for full year 2011 and 2010. Pricing for the PJM
    PSEG Zone is provided by the PJM ISO.
    (D) Average price per MMBtu for full year 2011 and 2010. The Henry Hub
    Pricing data is provided by the Natural Gas Weekly Update, Energy
    Information Administration, Washington, DC. Nebraska Energy Office,
    Lincoln, NE.
    (E) The #1 Heavy Melt Steel (HMS) composite index ($ /gross ton) as provided
    by American Metal Market on December 12, 2011 and December 13, 2010.

    Discussion of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
    We use a number of different financial measures, both United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and non-GAAP, in assessing the overall performance of our business. To supplement our assessment of results prepared in accordance with GAAP, we use the measures of Adjusted EBITDA, Free Cash Flow, and Adjusted EPS, which are non-GAAP measures as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission. The non-GAAP financial measures of Adjusted EBITDA, Free Cash Flow, and Adjusted EPS as described below, and used in the tables above, are not intended as a substitute or as an alternative to net income, cash flow provided by operating activities or diluted earnings per share as indicators of our performance or liquidity or any other measures of performance or liquidity derived in accordance with GAAP. In addition, our non-GAAP financial measures may be different from non-GAAP measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes.

    The presentations of Adjusted EBITDA, Free Cash Flow and Adjusted EPS are intended to enhance the usefulness of our financial information by providing measures which management internally use to assess and evaluate the overall performance of its business and those of possible acquisition candidates, and highlight trends in the overall business.

    Adjusted EBITDA
    We use Adjusted EBITDA to provide further information that is useful to an understanding of the financial covenants contained in the credit facilities of our most significant subsidiary, Covanta Energy, through which we conduct our core waste and energy services business, and as additional ways of viewing aspects of its operations that, when viewed with the GAAP results and the accompanying reconciliations to corresponding GAAP financial measures, provide a more complete understanding of our core business. The calculation of Adjusted EBITDA is based on the definition in Covanta Energy’s credit facilities, which we have guaranteed. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, as adjusted for additional items subtracted from or added to net income. Because our business is substantially comprised of that of Covanta Energy, our financial performance is substantially similar to that of Covanta Energy. For this reason, and in order to avoid use of multiple financial measures which are not all from the same entity, the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and other financial measures presented herein are ours, measured on a consolidated basis for continuing operations.

    Under these credit facilities, Covanta Energy is required to satisfy certain financial covenants, including certain ratios of which Adjusted EBITDA is an important component. Compliance with such financial covenants is expected to be the principal limiting factor which will affect our ability to engage in a broad range of activities in furtherance of our business, including making certain investments, acquiring businesses and incurring additional debt. Covanta Energy was in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2011. Failure to comply with such financial covenants could result in a default under these credit facilities, which default would have a material adverse affect on our financial condition and liquidity.

    These financial covenants are measured on a trailing four quarter period basis and the material covenants are as follows:

    • maximum Covanta Energy leverage ratio of 3.50 to 1.00, which measures Covanta Energy’s Consolidated Adjusted Debt (which is the principal amount of its consolidated debt less certain restricted funds dedicated to repayment of project debt principal and construction costs) to its Adjusted EBITDA (which for purposes of calculating the leverage ratio and interest coverage ratio, is adjusted on a pro forma basis for acquisitions and dispositions made during the relevant period); and
    • minimum Covanta Energy interest coverage ratio of 3.00 to 1.00, which measures Covanta Energy’s Adjusted EBITDA to its consolidated interest expense plus certain interest expense of ours, to the extent paid by Covanta Energy.

    In order to provide a meaningful basis for comparison, we are providing information with respect to our Adjusted EBITDA for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, reconciled for each such periods to net loss from continuing operations and cash flow provided by operating activities from continuing operations, which are believed to be the most directly comparable measures under GAAP.

    Free Cash Flow
    Free Cash Flow is defined as cash flow provided by operating activities from continuing operations less maintenance capital expenditures, which are capital expenditures primarily to maintain our existing facilities. We use the non-GAAP measure of Free Cash Flow as a criterion of liquidity and performance-based components of employee compensation. We use Free Cash Flow as a measure of liquidity to determine amounts we can reinvest in our core businesses, such as amounts available to make acquisitions, invest in construction of new projects or make principal payments on debt.

    In order to provide a meaningful basis for comparison, we are providing information with respect to our Free Cash Flow for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, reconciled for each such periods to cash flow provided by operating activities from continuing operations, which we believe to be the most directly comparable measure under GAAP.

    Adjusted EPS
    Adjusted EPS excludes certain income and expense items that are not representative of our ongoing business and operations, which are included in the calculation of Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share in accordance with GAAP. The following items are not all-inclusive, but are examples of reconciling items in prior comparative and future periods. They would include write-down of assets, the effect of derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments, significant gains or losses from the disposition or restructuring of businesses, gains and losses on assets held for sale, transaction-related costs, income and loss on the extinguishment of debt and other significant items that would not be representative of our ongoing business.

    We will use the non-GAAP measure of Adjusted EPS to enhance the usefulness of our financial information by providing a measure which management internally uses to assess and evaluate the overall performance and highlight trends in the ongoing business.

    In order to provide a meaningful basis for comparison, we are providing information with respect to our Adjusted EPS for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, reconciled for each such periods to diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which is believed to be the most directly comparable measure under GAAP.

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